Cerf and Robert Kahn designed the architecture of the Internet
and the procedures known as the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol, or TCP/IP that allow supercomputers and desktop PCs
to share the Internet.
1968, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency sponsored
the ARPANET project to link computers for resource sharing.
Kahn envisioned the Internet as an open, accessible collection
of networks operated cooperatively. Based on Kahn's Open Architecture
concepts, Cerf and Kahn invented their first design they called
TCP in 1974. The design allowedARPA's Packet Radio, Packet Satellite
and ARPANET networks to interconnect and interwork seamlessly.
TCP/IP became the required way to use the ARPA-sponsored packet
networks beginning in 1983. It allowed arbitrary collections of
packet networks to evolve into the Internet, enabling applications
ranging from e-mail, streaming audio and video to the World Wide
was born in New Haven, Connecticut. He pursued his B.S. at Stanford
University before earning his M.S. and Ph.D. at UCLA. National
Medal of Technology recipients in 1997, and Presidential Medal
of Freedom recipients in 2005, Cerf and Kahn are often referred
to as the "fathers of the Internet."
Vinton G. Cerf
Robert E. Kahn
Robert W. Gore
Richard M. Hoe
John H. Thomas