Hoe's advanced printing technology allowed for the development
of the first mass media.
in New York City, Hoe was the son of Robert Hoe, a British-born
printer who improved the cylinder press developed by David Napier.
In 1827, at the age of fifteen, Hoe left school to join his father's
printing firm, R. Hoe & Company. Within fifteen years, he
took over the company and began working on a new press that discarded
the traditional flatbed and attached the type to a central cylinder,
around which revolved four to ten impression cylinders. This became
known as the rotary press -- the first in the world.
referred to as the "lightning press," Hoe's invention
was first introduced to the printing industry in 1847 in the offices
of the Philadelphia Public Ledger. The resulting eight thousand
papers per hour revolutionized newspaper printing. Eager to further
improve his press, he eliminated single sheet printing by devising
a rotary-web printing press in 1871. This press was fed continuous
rolls of papers (or webs), and printed on both sides in one move.
The New York Tribune was the first newspaper printed with this
process. Hoe's subsequent additions and various updates of high-speed
folding apparatus virtually completed the modern newspaper press
Vinton G. Cerf
Robert E. Kahn
Robert W. Gore
Richard M. Hoe
John H. Thomas