creating the first practical oral contraceptive, the birth control
pill, in the 1950s, Gregory Pincus brought privacy and convenience
to women worldwide.
breakthroughs in birth control came in the early 1950s from Carl
Djerassi's successful synthesis of orally active analogues of
the female hormone progesterone. Sponsored by women's rights activist
Katharine McCormick, Pincus used the discoveries of Djerassi as
a blueprint for developing a practical oral contraceptive.
leading a team of researchers, generated a series of experiments
proving that progestin, a synthetic form of the female hormone
progesterone, prevented ovulation in animals. After they completed
successful testing on humans, the FDA approved the distribution
of Enovid®, the first birth control pill, in 1960.
cultural impact of the Pill is wide-reaching, allowing women the
liberty of choosing a method of birth control that can be administered
in the privacy of their own homes. The Pill is still commonly
used today with 98% effectiveness.
was born in Woodbine, New Jersey, and studied biology at Cornell
and Harvard Universities, earning his Ph.D. at the latter in 1927.
Revered as the father of the Pill, Pincus was a pioneer in biotechnology.
Vinton G. Cerf
Robert E. Kahn
Robert W. Gore
Richard M. Hoe
John H. Thomas