Glenn T. Seaborg
Born Apr 19 1912 - Died Feb 25 1999
Patent Number(s) 3,000,695
Glenn T. Seaborg was a central figure in the effort to develop atomic
technology. The nuclear chemist's best-known achievement was the synthesis
and isolation of the radioactive element plutonium.
Seaborg's spent most of his career at the University of California at
Berkeley, where he stayed on after completing graduate school. He primarily
studied radioisotopes, the unstable, radioactive forms of elements.
He pioneered the creation of new exotic isotopes and elements by bombarding
materials with atomic particles in the university's cyclotron and other
particle accelerators, many of which his research team helped design.
He was one of the most important participants in the Manhattan Project,
which developed the atomic bomb during World War II. In addition to
his work developing nuclear weapons, he was a pioneer in the development
of nuclear medicine and nuclear power.
Glenn T. Seaborg's scientific and inventive contributions transformed
nuclear technology. Best known for synthesizing and identifying the
element plutonium, he pioneered numerous nuclear processes and led the
way to artificially produce radioactive elements not found in nature.
He is the only person to hold patents on chemical elements. The element
seaborgium was named in his honor.
Seaborg was born in Ishpeming, Michigan. He discovered 10 elements and
more than 100 radioisotopes and won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in
1951. He also held the distinction of being the only living person to
have a new element, seaborgium, named after him. He was a key figure
in the campaign for nuclear disarmament, an influential educational
reformer, and the first scientist to head the Atomic Energy Commission.