Andrew Smith Hallidie
Born March 16 1836 - Died April 24 1900
Improvement in Grip
Andrew Hallidie left his mark on San Francisco as the inventor of the first cable railway, which enabled the widespread use of cable cars throughout the city.
Hallidie built a solid reputation designing wire suspension bridges and flumes for use in mines along the Pacific coast and into British Columbia. In 1857, he became involved in manufacturing wire rope and soon began concentrating on the concept of transporting freight by means of endless wire rope. The success of the "Hallidie ropeway" for use in mines caused Hallidie to think of alternatives for transporting people on the steep streets of San Francisco.
Born in London, England, Hallidie was schooled in engineering and received practical training in surveying. At the age of 17, he moved to California and eventually worked as a contractor and surveyor.