Dov Frohman-Bentchkowsky invented a computer chip that could be erased by exposing it to ultraviolet light, then have new data written onto it.
In the 1970s, Frohman's employer Intel paired his EPROM invention with their new microprocessors to develop the foundations for personal computing. Today's complex electronic devices -- our cell phones, digital cameras, MP3 players, and computers - all rely on a form of nonvolatile memory (mainly Flash memories) to store their operating systems.
Born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands and educated at the Israel Institute of Technology and the University of California at Berkeley, Frohman began his career at Fairchild Semiconductor in 1965. He moved to Intel in 1969 and soon established Intel design and fabrication facilities in Israel. Frohman retired from Intel in 2001.